Alabama Facts & Statistics

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The Alabama State Flag

The current Alabama state flag was adopted 16 Feb 1895. It is sometimes believed that the crimson saltire of the current flag of Alabama was designed to resemble the blue saltire of the Confederate Battle Flag. The authors of a 1917 article in National Geographic expressed their opinion that because the Alabama flag was based on the Battle Flag, it should be square. In 1987, the office of Alabama Attorney General issued an opinion in which the Battle Flag derivation is repeated, but concluded that the proper shape is rectangular, as it had been depicted numerous times in official publications and reproductions; despite this, the flag is still sometimes depicted as being square, even in official publications of the U.S. federal government. However, the saltire of the Alabama's flag most closely resembles the saltire of the flag of Florida. Southern Alabama was originally part of Spanish Florida and subsequently West Florida. Although Alabama's adoption of its flag design predates that of Florida's by five years (1895), the 1868-1900 Seal of Florida depicted a white flag with a red saltire, similar to Florida's current flag, on top of a steamboat. Alabama's flag is officially a St. Andrew's cross as described in its legislation, representing the cross on which St. Andrew was crucified.


The Alabama State Seal

Designed in 1817 by the first governor of the Alabama Territory (William Wyatt Bibb), the great seal of Alabama displays the major rivers of the state. The seal design is a map of the Alabama and surrounding territories (now states). When Alabama became a state in 1819, this seal became the official state seal and remained unchanged for over 50 years. The seal was changed at the end of the Civil War, but was changed back to the original in 1939.

Alabama Facts
Capital Montgomery
Nick Name Heart of Dixie
MottoAudemus jura nostra defendere (We Dare Defend Our Rights)
Constitution Ratified 1901
Statehood December 14, 1819 - 22nd State
Population 4,833,722 - 23rd
State bird Yellowhammer
State flower Camellia
State tree Southern Longleaf Pine
State fishLargemouth Bass
State Amphibian Red Hills Salamander
State Game Bird Wild Turkey
Largest Cities
(by population)
Birmingham, Montgomery, Mobile, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa
Bordering States North: Tennessee, South: Gulf of Mexico and Florida, East: Georgia, West: Mississippi
Number of Counties 67
Largest County
(by population)
Jefferson County - Population: 658,466
Electoral Votes 9
US Congress 2 Senators; 7 Representatives
Time ZoneCentral Standard Time
Alabama Climate and Weather
GenerallyHot, humid summers and mild winters.
Highest Temperature 112 degrees - September 5, 1925 - Centerville
Lowest Temperature -27 degrees - January 30, 1966 - New Market
Avg High Temp 91.2 degrees
Avg Low Temp 32.8 degrees
Alabama Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)
Mean Elevation 500 ft.
Highest Point 2,413 ft. - Mount Cheaha - Southwest Cleburne County
Lowest Point sea level - Gulf of Mexico
Alabama Land Area
Total Area 52,419 sq. mi. - 32nd
Land Area 50,741.59 sq. mi. - 96.80%
Water Area 1,677.41 sq. mi. - 3.20%
Forested Land Area 70.6%
(Length - Width)
330 miles x 190 miles