Alabama Genealogy & History Network

Alabama Facts & Statistics

The Alabama State Flag

The current Alabama state flag was adopted 16 Feb 1895. It is sometimes believed that the crimson saltire of the current flag of Alabama was designed to resemble the blue saltire of the Confederate Battle Flag. The authors of a 1917 article in National Geographic expressed their opinion that because the Alabama flag was based on the Battle Flag, it should be square. In 1987, the office of Alabama Attorney General issued an opinion in which the Battle Flag derivation is repeated, but concluded that the proper shape is rectangular, as it had been depicted numerous times in official publications and reproductions; despite this, the flag is still sometimes depicted as being square, even in official publications of the U.S. federal government. However, the saltire of the Alabama's flag most closely resembles the saltire of the flag of Florida. Southern Alabama was originally part of Spanish Florida and subsequently West Florida. Although Alabama's adoption of its flag design predates that of Florida's by five years (1895), the 1868-1900 Seal of Florida depicted a white flag with a red saltire, similar to Florida's current flag, on top of a steamboat. Alabama's flag is officially a St. Andrew's cross as described in its legislation, representing the cross on which St. Andrew was crucified.

The Great Seal of Alabama

Designed in 1817 by the first governor of the Alabama Territory (William Wyatt Bibb), the great seal of Alabama displays the major rivers of the state. The seal design is a map of the Alabama and surrounding territories (now states). When Alabama became a state in 1819, this seal became the official state seal and remained unchanged for over 50 years. The seal was changed at the end of the Civil War, but was changed back to the original in 1939.

Alabama Facts

Capital - Montgomery

Nick Name - The Heart of Dixie

Motto - Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)

Constitution Ratified - 1901

Statehood - December 14, 1819 - 22nd State

Population - 4,903,185 (24th)

State Bird - Yellowhammer, Wild Turkey

State Flower - Camellia, Oak-Leaf Hydrangea

State Tree - Longleaf Pine

State Fish - Largemouth Bass, Fighting Tarpon

State Mammal - American Black Bear

State Butterfly - Eastern tiger swallowtail

State Insect - Monarch Butterfly

State Shell - Johnstone's junonia

State Fossil - Basilosaurus

State Gemstone - Star Blue Quartz

State Rock - Marble

State Mineral - Hematite

State Song - Petrified Wood

State Beverage - Conecuh Ridge Whiskey

State Colors - Red, White

State Dance - Square Dance

State Food - Pecan, Blackberry, Peach

Largest Cities (by population) - Birmingham, Huntsville, Mobile, Montgomery, Tuscaloosa

Bordering States - North: Tennessee, South: Gulf of Mexico and Florida, East: Georgia, West: Mississippi)

Number of Counties - 67

Largest County (by population) - Jefferson County, pop. 658456 (2010)

Largest County (by size) - Baldwin County, 1,580 sq mi.

Smallest County (by population) - Greene County, pop. 9,045 (2010)

Smallest County (by size) - Etowah County, 535 sq mi.

Electoral Votes - 9

U.S. Congress - 2 Senators; 7 Representatives

Time Zone - Central Time

Alabama Climate & Weather

Generally - Hot, humid summers and mild winters.

Highest Temperature - 112 degrees on September 6, 1925 in Centreville

Lowest Temperature - minus 27 degrees on January 30, 1966 in New Market

Average Summer High Temp - 92.1 degrees F

Average Winter Low Temp - 32.8 degrees F

Alabama Geography

Highest Point - 2,413 feet / Mount Cheaha in Clay County

Lowest Point - sea level / Alabama Gulf Coast

Mean Elevation - 500 feet

Alabama Land Area

Total Area -52,420.07 sq mi. (30th)

Land Area - 50,645.33 sq mi. (96.61%)

Water Area - 1,774.74 sq mi. (3.39%)

Forested Land Area - 23.68 million acres (70.57%)

Dimensions (Max Length X Max Width) - 330 miles x 190 miles